In the Iliad, Menelaus is portrayed as a courageous fighter and man of honour but he is not quite put in the top rank of warriors.

When the war was over, Neoptolemus came to Sparta, and demanded Hermione from Menelaus. During the Trojan War, Menelaus fought bravely.

This done, Pandarus 1 broke the truce by shooting an arrow at Menelaus that caused a shallow wound, which Machaon, son of Asclepius, healed. The Spartan king overwhelms Paris but the prince is saved by the goddess Aphrodite who whisks him from the scene in a magical cloud. The king, once more playing his part of host well, gives a dinner. Following the advice of Eidothea 1 (daughter of Proteus 2), Menelaus ambushed him and bound him with a chain, to force him reveal when he would reach home. Compete with others in a little game of `Crossword Boss`. According to Euripides’ Helen, Menelaus is reunited with Helen after death, on the Isle of the Blessed. There are those who have affirmed that Menelaus discovered Helen at the court of Proteus 3, king of Egypt, realizing that the whole war had been fought for the sake of a phantom. Fortunately for Paris, he sways at the last moment and avoids certain death. This is why Orestes 2, along with his sister and Pylades, planned to murder Helen, a deed that never took place, the gods preferring other courses of action. Warhammer, the Warhammer logo, GW, Games Workshop, The Game of Fantasy Battles, the twin-tailed comet logo, and all associated logos, illustrations, images, names, creatures, races, vehicles, locations, weapons, characters, and the distinctive likeness thereof, are either ® or TM, and/or © Games Workshop Limited, variably registered around the world, and used under licence. passim; Eur.Hel. Omissions? Tyndareus was a perfect host and adopted the two boys.

Glorious king Menelaus is the perfect choice for the strategists who prefer to utilize diplomacy and political maneuvering to expand their empire.

"Menelaus." Plisthenes 3 was son of Helen, probably by Menelaus. Paris wins and throws first but his spear lands harmlessly into the shield of Menelaus. He is seen as being a bit too lenient, as for example in the episode when he seeks to spare the life of Adrestus but Agamemnon disagrees and the Trojan is killed. License. Menelaus was a king of Sparta in Greek mythology, husband of Helen.He was one of the main characters involved in the Trojan War.His parents were Atreus and Aerope, while his brother was Agamemnon who ruled over the city of Mycenae.. When Menelaus learned what had happened, he bade his brother Agamemnon to raise an army and demand, by means of threat, the restoration of his wife and his property. During the sack of Troy, Menelaus killed Deiphobus, who had married Helen after the death of Paris. Spear-famed Menelaus must answer the slight to his honour dealt by Paris, the Trojan prince who dared steal his wife! Ancient History Encyclopedia. When Menelaus and Agamemnon were still young, their father clashed with his brother Thyestes, as to who would be the king of Mycenae. Ovid, Heroides 17.160). (Enter a dot for each missing letters, e.g. Cartwright, Mark. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. For this, and perhaps for other services too, his house was spared by the Achaeans, during the sack of Troy. 19 Oct 2020. passim; Hes.CWE.69, 70; Hom.Il.3.350; Hom.Od.4.265ff.

If you haven't solved the crossword clue Menelaus` wife yet try to search our Crossword Dictionary by entering the letters you already know! Menelaus does not know the fate of Odysseus but he recounts the episode of the great Wooden Horse which the Greeks used to enter the city of Troy and win the war. For it is said that Menelaus, returning with five ships, came first to Sunium in Attica, but thence he was driven again by winds to Crete. Menelaus and Helen had one daughter, Hermione. This date is actually confirmed by excavations at the site of Troy (aka Ilium) in Turkey, especially the layer known as Troy VI (c. 1750-1300 BCE), which shows the city then had great walls and towers. She was betrothed to Orestes 2, but when he went mad Neoptolemus carried her off, because she had previously been betrothed to him in Troy. The tomb was built c. 700 BCE near a 15th-century BCE Mycenaean ‘palace’ and consisted of a large rectangle of ashlar blocks with a small temple, all set on a mound and approached by a ramp. Mycenaean Warriorsby Mark Cartwright (CC BY-NC-SA). Ancient History Encyclopedia, 13 Mar 2020.

For, as Menelaus deemed, to oppose Tyndareus (his wife's father, and the man from whom he expected to inherit the Spartan throne), was not his wisest choice. Threatened by the death penalty, which the Argives wished to impose on him and his sister, Orestes 2 asked Menelaus for help, reminding him of the assistance he had received from Agamemnon when Helen was abducted. The Greeks had won the war. Although early authors, such as Aeschylus refer in passing to Menelaus’ early life, detailed sources are quite late, post-dating 5th-century BC Greek tragedy. The Greeks themselves considered the Trojan War to have occurred in the 13th century BCE. Agamemnon thus became the king of Mycenae while Menelaus became Tyndareus’ heir.

Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). To change the weather, and appease the gods, the Spartan king sacrifices two Egyptian children, shocking his hosts who then pursue Menelaus to Libya but eventually lose him. During the war, Menelaus and Paris confront each other in a one-on-one fight.

Other crossword enthusiasts will be very grateful for your research! Odysseus promised to solve the problem in a satisfactory manner if Tyndareus would support him in his courting of Tyndareus’s niece Penelope, the daughter of Icarius.

If you haven't solved the crossword clue Menelaus` wife yet try to search our Crossword Dictionary by entering the letters you already know! v. Chr.
This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/topic/Menelaus-Greek-mythology. In most sources, including the Iliad and the Odyssey, Helen is the daughter of Zeus and Leda. The reconciled pair then return home - eventually. [8], Menelaus appears in Greek vase painting in the 6th to 4th centuries BC, such as: Menelaus’s reception of Paris at Sparta; his retrieval of Patroclus’s corpse; and his reunion with Helen.[9].

Menelaus, referred to by Homer as 'master of the war-cry,' faces Paris, wearing slightly flashy and inappropriate armour, while Helen looks on from the walls of Troy.

In reality, the horse is full of Greek warriors - including Menelaus - and they open the gates of the city to their followers, and a general rout of Troy follows. However, the Trojans not only refused these claims, but also threatened to kill the envoys, who were saved only by the intervention of Antenor 1, a man who pleaded for peace. But others say that in Egypt he met Proteus 2, a seer knowing past, present, and future, but reluctant to answer questions, which he avoided by changing semblance. Menelaus then grabs Paris’ helmet with his bare hands and proceeds to drag him from the field of combat. A biographical memoir of the late Sir Peter Parker, baronet, captain... Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Proteus gives up his act and eventually tells Menelaus he must perform a great sacrifice to the gods in Egypt to gain those favourable winds. Menelaus, in Greek mythology, king of Sparta and younger son of Atreus, king of Mycenae; the abduction of his wife, Helen, led to the Trojan War. He took pity on her and decided to take her back as his wife. But when they thought the time was ripe to dethrone Mycenae’s hostile ruler, they returned. Last modified March 13, 2020. Menelaus appears as a character in a number of 5th-century Greek tragedies: Sophocles’ Ajax, and Euripides’ Andromache, Helen, Orestes, Iphigenia at Aulis, and The Trojan Women. As a result, the two Atrides went into exile. [6] Menelaus is wounded in the abdomen, and the fighting resumes. Menelaus appears as one of the heroes of the Trojan War story told in Greek literature, oral legends, and all forms of art from sculpture to pottery. But later, Orestes 2 recovered, killed Neoptolemus, and took Hermione to wife. The Greeks win the war and in Homer’s Odyssey, we are told of Menelaus’ journey home with Helen, stopping on the way at Crete, Cyprus, and Egypt.
The massive army set sail for Troy in a mighty fleet of ships. They first stayed with King Polyphides 1 of Sicyon, and later with King Oeneus 2 of Calydon. Help expand our database by adding clues or reviewing them. Finally, at Therapne near Sparta, the king was part of a cult along with Helen with whom he was believed to share a tomb. In the play, Helen defends herself in a trial and blames the gods for intervening in human affairs.

The story is most famously told in Homer’s Iliad where Menelaus persuades his brother Agamemnon, king of Mycenae, to form a great army from all the Greek city-states and sail to Troy to recapture Helen. Since Orestes 2 at the time was insane, Menelaus decided to honour the promise he had made at Troy . (Menelaus to Helen. Orestes the son of Agamemnon then marries Hermione, Menelaus’ daughter and so the two cities of Mycenae and Sparta were united under a single king. When it was time for Tyndareus’ stepdaughter Helen to marry, many kings and princes came to seek her hand. Great offences were committed by the Achaeans against the gods while sacking Troy, and on that account they had a difficult return or no return at all. Some Rights Reserved (2009-2020) under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike license unless otherwise noted. He can also look to the south where mighty Tiryns holds Cythera island, blocking access to the treasures of Crete, which are beyond imagination. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. The family union between Greece and Crete perhaps reflected a desire on the part of the Bronze Age Mycenaean Greeks to claim some sort of cultural heritage from the earlier Minoan civilization on that island. The Trojan War, fought between Greeks and the defenders of the... Menelaus in the Archaic Period: Not Quite the Best of the Achaeans. This license lets others remix, tweak, and build upon this content non-commercially, as long as they credit the author and license their new creations under the identical terms. [2] The rest of the suitors swore their oaths, and Helen and Menelaus were married, Menelaus becoming a ruler of Sparta with Helen after Tyndareus and Leda abdicated the thrones. When they had her new husband arrested, Menelaus cut him to pieces under torture, lopping off ears and nose, and all of his limbs one by one; and then he led Helen to the ships. Ethiopia is also visited during this time, and the king’s treasure trove grows.


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