[211] In response to such claims, the Independent Monitoring Commission (IMC) stated in its tenth report that the IRA had decommissioned all weaponry under its control. Thirty-five people implicated by Gilmour were acquitted following a six-month trial in 1984, with, One of the Disappeared, Seamus Ruddy, was killed by the, Physics Instructional Resource Association, Independent International Commission on Decommissioning, Provisional Irish Republican Army campaign 1969–97, bombing campaign in England in 1939 and 1940, campaign in Northern Ireland in the 1940s, Northern Ireland Civil Rights Association, Provisional Government of the Irish Republic, series of perceived political inheritances, IRA sniper team from the South Armagh Brigade, Minister for Justice, Equality and Law Reform, Chronology of Provisional Irish Republican Army actions (2000–09), Assessment on Paramilitary Groups in Northern Ireland, List of chronologies of Provisional Irish Republican Army actions, Provisional IRA campaign 1969-1997 § Casualties, Northern Ireland (Emergency Provisions) Act 1973, Paramilitary punishment attacks in Northern Ireland. 1921: The Anglo-Irish treaty is signed by Collins, this allows the Irish Free State to be formed (however it is still a member of the commonwealth), part of this unfortunately involves partition. 1919: The IRA begins conducting a guerrilla war. [28] The IRA initially focused on defence of Catholic areas, but it began an offensive campaign in 1970,[29][30] using guerrilla tactics against the British Army and RUC in both rural and urban areas. "I hope there will be no more Enniskillen's and I am deeply sorry about what happened in Enniskillen," he tells the BBC. [181] The IRA regarded themselves as being undefeated and decommissioning as an act of surrender, and stated decommissioning had never been mentioned prior to the ceasefire being declared. [375][377] On 4 April 2006, Donaldson was shot dead by the Real IRA splinter group at his retreat near Glenties in County Donegal. 1981: Bobby Sands dies on hunger strike as a prisoner and member of British parliament. [37] Several splinter groups have been formed as a result of splits within the IRA, including the Continuity IRA and the Real IRA, both of which are still active in the dissident Irish republican campaign. In 1979, the INLA … New comments cannot be posted and votes cannot be cast, More posts from the explainlikeimfive community. [395] As of 2019, the bodies of Robert Nairac, Columba McVeigh, and Joe Lynskey have yet to be recovered. [403] This group also included former members of the Irish National Liberation Army and a faction that splintered from the Real IRA. [76] Shortly after, the traditionalists held a convention which elected a "Provisional" Army Council, composed of Seán Mac Stíofáin, Ruairí Ó Brádaigh, Paddy Mulcahy, Sean Tracey, Leo Martin, Dáithí Ó Conaill, and Joe Cahill. March 6, 1988: Three unarmed IRA members are shot and killed by Special Air Services forces in Gibraltar. [39] According to Lost Lives, the IRA was responsible for 1,781 deaths, about 47% of the total conflict deaths. [304][305], An internal British Army document written by General Sir Michael David Jackson and two other senior officers was released in 2007 under the Freedom of Information Act. [1][268] GHQ's largest department, the quartermaster general's, accounted for approximately 20% of the IRA's personnel, and was responsible for acquiring weapons and smuggling them to Ireland where they would be hidden in arms dumps, and distributed them to IRA units as needed. On 28 July 2005 the IRA announced an end to the armed campaign, stating that it would work to achieve its aims solely by peaceful political means, with volunteers to dump all weapons and to end all paramilitary activity. [44] The subsequent Anglo-Irish Treaty, which partitioned Ireland into the Irish Free State and Northern Ireland, which remained part of the United Kingdom, caused a split in the IRA, the pro-Treaty IRA being absorbed into the National Army, which defeated the anti-Treaty IRA in the Civil War.

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