This in no way influences my opinions or recommendations. In bloom, the tree (or bush) exhibits a huge number of small white (or pale pink) flowers. Hawthorn is bursting with natural compounds, nutrients, minerals, and micronutrients that make it an incredibly valuable medicinal herb. Because of the high risk of pollutants and the absorption of chemicals, I avoid foraging from any trees that are close to roads. Leaves are simple, frequently lobed with serrated leaf margins. Hawthorn belongs to the Crataegus genus and is part of the Rosaceae family. So, the easiest way is to wash and freeze your supply. Later than this, once the leaves start to turn, they lose their potency. The name is now also applied to the en… The fruit, or haw, is dark red with one seed. The leaves are ‘alternate’. I prefer to use hawthorn fresh whenever I can, whether that’s for medicinal purposes or in baked goods. You’re just one small part of the larger ecosystem – and you’re sharing nature’s bounty with other creatures, from insects to birds and small mammals – it’s a delicate balance, so don’t be greedy. Except where prior permission is granted, Real Self-Sufficiency reserves all rights. Plus, of course, only taking a maximum of half is best foraging practice because it ensures that the plants continue to thrive and spread for generations. Shapes vary from round to oblong or pear-shaped. One of the key ways I use hawthorn is as a tincture, because of its many healthful properties. In younger trees, the bark is smooth and gray, as seen on a branch of the hawthorn . She firmly believes that every small green change we make has a huge impact. Family: Rosaceae (rose) Deciduous. Remember, when foraging hawthorn or anything else, never take more than half of what’s available. Making greener choices is better for your bank balance, your health, and the planet. If using the leaves, harvest them from mid-spring to early autumn – during this period they are at peak health and contain the most nutrients. They are up to 6cm long, have 5-7 deep lobes and teeth on the leaf tip. Read our full disclaimer here. Hawthorn leaves are small, deeply lobed, and roughly as broad as they are long. You can also dehydrate the berries and leaves – but I find the flowers too delicate for my dehydrator. 20′-25′ wide. They are important winter food for birds like dunnocks, blackbirds, thrushes and bullfinches and some of our winter visitors like redwings. monogyna, and the unmodified name is often so used in Britain and Ireland. No sugar, no pectin, just delicious jammy goodness! It is similar to the wild cherry flower (they are from the same family). According to George Symonds, in his awesome book, Tree Identification Book: A New Method for the Practical Identification and Recognition of Trees, there are more than 1,000 species and sub-species of hawthorn just in North America – that doesn’t include all the species in Europe, Asia, Africa, and the rest of the world. Most hawthorns, even if they aren’t truly native, have been naturalized for hundreds, if not thousands, of years. Hawthorn (Crataegus) species are generally very dense shrubs or small trees 5m - 15m (30 … You may find many single hawthorns on farmland. The flower is white and has a single pistil and 5 petals. And you'll receive all our latest news, tips, and advice in our newsletter. All of the content on this website, including images, text, audio, and video, is Copyright © 2016-2020 and may not be stolen, reproduced, downloaded, republished, or otherwise used without the explicit written permission of the owner of You can find out more about the health benefits of hawthorn here. Its primary use is for heart conditions, but it’s also used for digestive complaints, as an immune-booster, anti-inflammatory, and a general tonic, as well as for some mental health conditions and skin issues. Farmers sometimes won’t cut them down. If you recklessly and carelessly deplete these natural resources, within just a few years, they’ll be gone, and there’ll be nothing left for future generations. The bark is greyish brown and has a lot of small scales. The new shoots are fresh green, darkening later. It’s pretty easy to identify and harvest hawthorn – I’d go so far as to say it’s one of the easiest plants to forage because it’s so distinctive and grows in abundance across much of the world. Amazon and the Amazon logo are trademarks of, Inc, or its affiliates. However, it’s not always possible, plus I like to have a supply to see me through the winter months. The length and sharpens of the thorns vary among species, but can reach in excess of three inches long. Firstly, don’t obsess about only harvesting from a native species. Sometimes the tips of the petals are pinkish. They believe it is bad luck to do this. Hawthorn is a very undemanding tree and grows almost anywhere, in rock crevices and other unreachable places. Giving an eco-friendly gift may be just... by Katy Willis | Sep 23, 2020 | Food, Latest | 1 Comment. The underside of the leaf is light green. See our full disclosure. The fruits ripen in late summer to late autumn and vary in color, shape, and size, from orange-yellow to deep scarlet. It’s surprisingly easy, too. Trunk/Bark. There is a main trunk that on average, at maturity, can reach between 15 and 20 cm (about 8”) in diametre. Disclosure: Some links in this post are affiliate links, so, at no cost to you, I may earn a commission if you click through one and make a purchase. Harvest flowers in clusters in mid to late spring when they are fully developed. The ecological value of the tree is very high because it provides protection and food for many animals. Crataegus , commonly called hawthorn, quickthorn, thornapple, May-tree, whitethorn, or hawberry, is a genus of several hundred species of shrubs and trees in the family Rosaceae, native to temperate regions of the Northern Hemisphere in Europe, Asia, North Africa, and North America. The berries, or haws, ripen from early to late autumn, depending on your location and tree species. The stipules are at the base of each leaf. It is the most common tree or shrub planted in hedges. Hawthorn Tree. Join our mailing list and we'll send you your FREE copy of 1 Week to a Greener You. *We hate spam, so we promise never to spam you. Use willow water as a homemade rooting compound that you use to increase the success rate of cuttings and increase the growth and strength of roots of cuttings and plants. Our website also contains other affiliate links, but our editorial content is not influenced by advertisers or affiliate partnerships. often appears to be a shrub with a dense crown. by Becky Britton | Sep 26, 2020 | Latest | 0 Comments. Botanical name: Crataegus. Find out how to make this ridiculously tasty blackberry jam recipe with just 4 ingredients. The underside of the leaf is light green. So always be respectful when harvesting. All content on Real Self-Sufficiency ( is published for informational purposes only. The new shoots are fresh green, darkening later. 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